In Surrey, the “Zero Tolerance” candidate, Kevin Hurley, has just been declared the new police commissioner there.

He came through on second preferences, having been in second place on first preferences to the Tory candidate.Of the results I’ve been able to check so far, eight independents were elected on second round voting and four of them got elected, having come second in the first round of voting and then slipped into first place only in the second round with second preferences distributed.

Under first past the post, the Tories would’ve won Surrey, Gloucestershire and Hampshire (Michael Mates was the losing Tory here), Labour would’ve won Warwickshire.

Second round redistribution did for John Prescott in Humberside (ahead in the first round, losing to the Tory in the second), the same story for the Labour candidate in Lancashire.

Overall, the proportional voting system does seem to be helping independents, even if it hasn’t yet allowed them to dominate the elections as early fans of elected commissioners once hoped.

On turnout, the Electoral Commission could be forgiven for saying “we told you so”. The commission warned last year that a stand-alone election for police commissioners in the shorter days of mid-November, not tied to other elections which could increase turnout, risked a very low turnout.

But Lib Dems feared that tacking these police elections onto council elections in the spring might benefit the Tories in the council polls because it would throw the focus of the campaign on to law and order.

The switch helped to bring the cost of these elections up to £75m. That won’t happen again, and Tories are sure turnout will improve when the elections next happen in line with local elections.

Corby is already being seen by some Tories as a sign that they’re not doing that badly and can recover if they can squeeze the UKIP vote.

 That’s mixed news for David Cameron. UKIP’s best-ever by-election performance will mean that, in the run-up to the November and December EU summits, he will have some Tory hardliners breathing even more heavily down his neck.

The Lib Dems have rushed out data showing there’s hope and a pulse out there in voter-land if you look for it – council by-elections, voter strength in areas where Lib Dems hold the parliamentary seat, like Tim Farron’s seat.

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